essays

Acknowledgements

The module, “Poetry in Wartime,” includes poetry from the feature film, Voices in Wartime. A number of the poems heard in the film were originally submitted to “Poets Against War,” http://www.poetsagainstthewar.org/ a website created to, promote the tradition of allowing poets to engage in dialogue and exchange of writings, and especially to voice their thoughts on war, tyranny and oppression. 
 
For those who may be interested in furthering their research on poets found in the first section of the module consult the following internet sites:
 
For information on the Sumerian poet, Enheduana, review the “The En-hedu-Ana Research Pages” located at: http://www.angelfire.com/mi/enheduanna/. In addition to providing a wealth of background information on Enheduana, the site provides links to other scholarly sources.
 
Information on the Greek poet Homer can be obtained at http://library.thinkquest.org/19300/data/homer.htm. The site contains the complete texts of Samuel Butler’s translations of The Iliad and The Odyssey.
 
The works of Emily Dickinson can be found at: http://www.online-literature.com/dickinson/. “On-line Literature” is a site that offers full texts to over 1,200 books, and a large number of poems from over 250 authors. Background information on authors and links to other sites can easily be accessed from this one address.
 
There are several sites to review for Walt Whitman. “The Whitman Archive,” editors Ed Folsom and Kenneth M. Price, can be accessed at: http://www.whitmanarchive.org/. The Library of Congress site, “Poet at Work,” can be reached at: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wwhtml/wwhome.html, and the “American Poems” site: http://www.americanpoems.com/poets/waltwhitman/ contains a rich array of Whitman’s poetry.
 
The Tennyson page at http://charon.sfsu.edu/TENNYSON/tennyson.html as well as the “On-line Literature” site http://www.online-literature.com/tennyson/ both provide in depth information on Alfred Lord Tennyson and access to his poems and writings.
 
The Wilfred Owen Association maintains a complete website on the poet and his work. It can be accessed at http://www.1914-18.co.uk/owen/.
 
“Poets.org” from the Academy of American Poets at http://www.poets.org/search provides background information and selected poems from the writings of W. H. Auden, Langston Hughes, and Randall Jarrell.
 
For background information to the Civil War photographs of Mathew Brady consult The Library of Congress website at http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/cwphtml/cwphome.html
 
For information on the work of Marie Howe refer to “Norton Poets Online,” http://www.nortonpoets.com/howem.htm.   Howe’s poem, “Sorrow,” can be viewed at:
 
Several of the poets in the film have websites dedicated to their work. These include:
Terry Tempest Williams: http://www.coyoteclan.com/
 
A number of essays included in the module have been excerpted from longer interviews conducted for the film. These include:
 
“And the Poets Wrote,” Christopher Sawyer-Lauanno
“The Life of Wilfred Women,” Dominic Hibberd
“On Poetry,” Chris Abani
“The Role of Poets,” Antonieta Villamil
“Poetry and War,” Sinan Antoon
“An Ordinary Person from an Ordinary Place,” Pamela Talene Hale
“Starting Poets Against the War,” Sam Hamill
“The Poet’s Role in Wartime,” Sherman Pearl
“Poets are First to Broach a Subject,” Todd Swift
“The Poet in Wartime,” Emily Warn
“Freedom from Speech,” and “Portrait of George W. Bush as a Cowboy or: American’s Foreign Policy of Peace,” Terry Tempest Williams
 
The essay, “Crediting Poetry” was taken from Seamus Heaney’s 1995 Nobel Prize Laureate lecture delivered to the Swedish Nobel Academy. The entire speech along with other Laureates who have received the prize for poetry (1992 Derek Walcott, 1984 Jaroslav Seifert, 1979 Odysseus Elytis, 1974 Harry Edmund Martinson, 1963 Georgios Seferis and 1948 T.S. Eliot) can be viewed at the official website of the Nobel Prize Foundation, www.nobelprize.org/literature/laureates   .
 
Photographs used in Poetry in Wartime module came from the sources below, unless they were taken directly from the Voices in Wartime website.
 
Langston Hughes: http://www.poets.org/poets/poets.cfm?prmID=84 (Photo is by Consuelo Kanaga)
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