Somoza resigns

Triumph of the Revolution

Managua, 1979

May 29

A three-hundred-person column of the famous Frente Sur (Southern Front) crosses the border from Costa Rica.

May 31

The FSLN calls for a national insurrection and general strike: Heroic people of Nicaragua, the hour of the overthrow of the infamous dictator has come…

June 4

The Sandinistas take Leon.

June 7

Somoza declares martial law and a state of siege.

June 9

The Managua insurrection begins.

June 16

The provisional government junta of National Resurrection is named, starting a parallel government in Nicaragua and preparing for the fall of Somoza.

July 2-6

Strategic cities fall to the Sandinistas.

July 16

Esteli barracks of the National Guard, the last military installation outside of Managua, falls.

July 17

Somoza resigns and leaves for Miami.

July 19

Radio Sandino awakens the country with sounds of victory—the Sandinista national anthem, slogans, folk songs. The new junta requests discipline, vigilance, and generosity to the defeated enemy. The people of Managua take over the city even before the troops arrive. They line the streets to greet the troops who are their sons and daughters, classmates whom they have not seen for years. It is like a family reunion with red and black flags covering the streets, the plaza which will soon be named after Carlos Fonseca. Pandemonium reigns.

The people have regained their memory and their voices. There is one name repeated over and over again, without fear of reprisal. Viva Sandino!

The people are reclaiming their history, their land, and a memory that is dangerous.

See George Black, Triumph of the People, 155-157



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