On October 9th, 2009 Turkey and Armenia signed an agreement establishing diplomatic relations after nearly a century of animosity. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was present for the signing. While the signing ceremony was slightly delayed because of Armenia's objection to a final statement intended to be given after the signing. Consequently, neither side spoke after the signing of the agreement. The document agrees to the opening of borders between the two countries after it is ratified by each country's parliament. The border was closed in 1993.