Bibliography for the Film

Boulding, Elise. Cultures of Peace: The Hidden Side of History. (Syracuse University Press, 2000). Cultures of Peace: The Hidden Side of History is an extensive and comprehensive survey of 50 years of reflections and research on human societies and cultures. Studying and envisioning the spaces where humanity enters the grace of peace has been Boulding’s life's work. She gives the reader an integrated perspective on violence by combining her activism for peace and justice with the study of injustice and war. The book begins with a history lesson about wars won and lost, illustrating how the "centrality of war in public consciousness" shapes how we think about ourselves in relationship to others. She traces the Holy War culture, "a male warrior culture headed by a patriarchal warrior god." 

Boulding also exposes the "hidden side of history," the unfamiliar story which "rarely shows through in history books." These are peace cultures, where people's "resistance to oppressive institutions and their persistent experiments with peaceable living arrangements remain a reminder to us that peace is possible and the two cultural themes of violence and peace interact over time" to effect the transformation of human societies. Boulding is optimistic and hopeful, suggesting that the human race is in a transition era. The peace cultures nourished by our vision of how things might be, she writes, are often kept alive in the cracks of a violent society.      

Boulding, Elise and Randall Forsberg. Abolishing War.  (Boston: The Boston Research Center for the 21st Century, 1998). Boulding and Forsberg call for a post-Cold War order built on non-violent resolution of conflict, world governance, and global citizenship to lay the foundation for a stable world peace for the next century. The first sections of this book are conversational-style summaries of four seminars sponsored by the Boston Research Council addressing various theoretical and practical aspects of the pursuit of peace.  Each contains a “round table” critique of the ideas presented. The final section is devoted to general responses from seven authors (Winston E. Langley, Seyom Brown, Virginia Mary Swain, Elmer N. Engstrom, Barbara Hildt, Robert A. Irwin, and George Sommaripa), and concluding thoughts by Boulding and Forsberg.  

Boulding, Kenneth and Elise Boulding. The Future: Images and Processes. (Sage Publications, 1994). This collection of essays by Kenneth and Elise Boulding, spanning a period of 28 years, highlights both the differences and commonalities in thought between these two world renowned and much admired futurist scholars. The overarching theme is a passionate conviction that the world is in dire need of mending. This collection has been brought together in tribute to the life and work of Kenneth Boulding and his dedication to the study of the future as more than an intellectual curiosity, as something which is essential to the survival of humanity itself.

Golden, Renny. The Hour of the Furnaces.
 (Mid-List Press, 2000). "These poems give voice to those who have been taken from us. We can use these recreated voices to continue the struggle that refused to end with their physical annihilation." - Margaret Randall    

"Just as a theology of liberation exists, so too exists a poetry of liberation, inspired by that theology, which has recently emerged in the two Americas. And one of the best representatives of this poetry is Renny Golden." - Ernesto Cardenal, poet and former Nicaraguan Minister of Culture  

Golden, Renny. The Hour of the Poor, the Hour of Women: Salvadoran Women Speak. (Crossroads Publishing, 1991). Golden's painful, at times brutal oral history of the truly dispossessed of El Salvador chronicles the fate of impoverished women who are made a part of the Salvadoran economic struggles while reaping few benefits. Covering diverse aspects of female militancy--martyrs, organizers, revolutionaries--this book excels when it gives voice to these faceless, nameless participants and victims. Conversely, Golden can be quite vitriolic, particularly in setting the scene. One needs to move past this outraged rhetoric (which is admittedly justified, but a bit overwhelming for the inquisitive but uninitiated reader). The lives themselves testify to a greater commitment and understanding, and it is this element which will ultimately convince the reader. Some familiarity with base Christian communities and liberation theology is helpful.  

Hanh, Thich Nhat. The Miracle of Mindfulness. (Beacon Press, 1999). Miracle of Mindfulness is a sly commentary on the Anapanasati Sutra, the Sutra on Breath to Maintain Mindfulness. "Sly" because it doesn't read like a dry commentary at all.  One of Thich Nhat Hanh's most popular books, Miracle of Mindfulness is about how to take hold of your consciousness and keep it alive to the present reality, whether eating a tangerine, playing with your children, or washing the dishes.  A world-renowned Zen master, Nhat Hanh weaves practical instruction with anecdotes and other stories to show how the meditative mind can be achieved at all times and how it can help us all "reveal and heal." Nhat Hanh is a master at helping us find a calm refuge within ourselves and teaching us how to reach out from there to the rest of the world. (Brian Bruya)    

Hanh, Thich Nhat. Peace Is Every Step: The Path of Mindfulness in Everyday Life. (Bantam, 1992). Thich Nhat Hanh's writing is deceptive in its subtlety. He'll go on and on with stories about tree-hugging or metaphors involving raw potatoes; he'll tell you how to eat mindfully, even how to breathe and walk; he'll suggest looking closely at a flower and to see the sun as your heart. As the Zen teacher Richard Baker commented, however, Nhat Hanh is "a cross between a cloud, a snail, and piece of heavy machinery." Sooner or later, it begins to sink in that Nhat Hanh is conveying a depth of psychology and a world outlook that require nothing less than a complete paradigm shift. Through his cute stories and compassionate admonitions, he gradually builds up to his philosophy of inter-being, the notion that none of us is separately, but rather that we inter-are. The ramifications are explosive. How can we mindlessly and selfishly pursue our individual ends, when we are inextricably bound up with everyone and everything else? We see an enemy not as focus of anger but as a human with a complex history, who could be us if we had the same history. Suffice it to say, that after reading Peace Is Every Step, you'll never look at a plastic bag the same way again, and you may even develop a penchant for hugging trees. (Brian Bruya)  

Hedges, Chris. What Every Person Should Know About War.  (Free Press, 2003). Acclaimed New York Times journalist and author Chris Hedges offers a critical -- and fascinating -- lesson in the dangerous realities of our age: a stark look at the effects of war on combatants. Utterly lacking in rhetoric or dogma, this manual relies instead on bare fact, frank description, and a spare question-and-answer format.   Hedges allows U.S. military documentation of the brutalizing physical and psychological consequences of combat to speak for itself.   Hedges poses dozens of questions that young soldiers might ask about combat, and then answers them by quoting from medical and psychological studies.

•  What are my chances of being wounded or killed if we go to war?

•  What does it feel like to get shot?

•  What do artillery shells do to you?

•  What is the most painful way to get wounded?

•  Will I be afraid?

•  What could happen to me in a nuclear attack?

•  What does it feel like to kill someone?

•  Can I withstand torture?

•  What are the long-term consequences of combat stress?

•  What will happen to my body after I die?  

This profound and devastating portrayal of the horrors to which we subject our armed forces stands as a ringing indictment of the glorification of war and the concealment of its barbarity.               

Himes, Andrew and Jan Bultmann. Voices in Wartime: Anthology (Seattle: Whit Press, 2005). The Voices in Wartime Anthology comprises poetry, essays, and narratives based on interviews conducted for the feature-length documentary film Voices in Wartime. The 240 pages of this anthology do not contain the words of politicians or pundits. Instead, it features active-duty soldiers, veterans, torture victims, war correspondents, the families of the disappeared and the dead, poets, peace activists—the compelling responses of individual human beings to the experience of war.  

Krieger, David. Today Is Not a Good Day for War. (Capra Press, 2005). A powerful collection of peace poetry by a lifelong peace worker.  The book begins with the current war in Iraq, and then returns to wars of the past, and the tragedies of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ending with hope and the promise of peace. It is composed of six sections: Looking Back on September 11th; Today Is Not a Good Day for War; Hibakusha Still Live on Earth; That Was Then, This Is Now; Fifty-One Reasons for Hope; and 100 Ideas for Creating a More Peaceful World.  

Krieger, David (Editor) and Terry Tempest Williams (Forward). The Poetry of Peace. (Capra Press, 2003). The poems in this book examine peace from many perspectives. They are filled with the wonder and magic of everyday life. They also express the sorrow and loss that war and violence bring. They speak to the fear and frustration that one may not be able to do enough to assure peace. They find peace rooted in relationships to each other, to other living things and to the earth. In these poems one finds a burning desire to do more to heal wounded spirits and our wounded earth. These poems combine the mystery of creativity with a longing for peace.    

Krieger, David (Editor).  Hope in a Dark Time: Reflections on Humanity's Future. (Capra Press, 2003). Hope in a Dark Time presents timely essays about the need to achieve lasting peace with a commitment to personal action. Daisaku Ikeda contributed an essay for the book entitled, "Our Power for Peace." In his essay, Mr. Ikeda stresses that each of us has infinite power to change the world and explores four "powers" for creating a peaceful world: the power of hope; the power of imagination; the power of connection; and the power of dialogue. Mr. Ikeda concludes his essay by introducing the concept of "human revolution," which Josei Toda, called the process of first fundamentally transforming our inner lives. Mr. Ikeda expresses his belief that "a great revolution in the life of a single individual can change an entire society. It can even make possible a positive transformation in the destiny of human kind." 

Other contributors to Hope in a Dark Time include: four Nobel peace laureates--Archbishop Desmond Mpilo Tutu of South Africa (1984), His Holiness the Dalai Lama (1989), Sir Joseph Rotblat, president emeritus of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs (1995) and Máiread Corrigan Maguire, a founder of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (1976); Elise Boulding, American peace activist and sociologist; Douglas Roche, head of the Middle Powers Initiative, Canada; and many others. 

Morrison, Mary Lee. Elise Boulding: A Life in the Cause of Peace.
Elise Boulding has been among the most influential of social reformers to advocate the integration of peace studies and women's studies. Her ideas inspired a number of works addressing the role of the family in producing social change and discussing women's unique capacity for promoting peace through nurturing and networking. Boulding's additional ideas on transnational networks and their relationship to global understanding are considered seminal contributions to modern peace studies and have earned her the title of “matriarch” of the 20th century peace movement. This biography is divided into three parts. The first and third deal chronologically with the life of Elise Boulding, beginning with her childhood experiences as a Scandinavian immigrant. The 1940 Nazi invasion of Norway significantly influenced her concepts of pacifism and Quaker spiritualism, laying the foundation for her future work as a leader in the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and her dynamic professional partnership with and marriage to the internationally known Quaker economist and poet Kenneth Boulding.  Part Two expounds upon Boulding's philosophy of education, her role as a member of the Religious Society of Friends, her espousal of the conceptual evolution of cultures of peace, and her theoretical work in women's studies and peace research. In recognition of these achievements, Boulding has been the recipient of over 19 awards and was a 1990 nominee for the Nobel Peace Prize.  

Paul Loeb. The Impossible Will Take a Little While: A Citizen's Guide to Hope in a Time of Fear.  (Basic Books, 2004).  The Impossible Will Take a Little While was named by The History Channel and The American Book Association as their #3 political book of fall 2004.  It's also a BookSense bestseller, an alternate selection of the Quality Paperback and One Spirit book clubs, and winner of the Nautilus Award for the best spirituality & social change book of 2004.   People need hope more than ever in difficult political times—like these. Loeb has created an anthology, mixing his own essays with the voices of some of the most eloquent writers and activists, including Nelson Mandela, Maya Angelou, Arundhati Roy, Tony Kushner, and Vaclav Havel. Alice Walker, Jonathan Kozol, Diane Ackerman, Susan Griffin, Marian Wright Edelman, Cornel West, Terry Tempest Williams, Jim Hightower, Desmond Tutu, and Howard Zinn. Loeb hopes that readers will draw strength from the ideas of contributors on how we keep on working for a more humane world, replenish the wellspring of our commitment, and continue no matter how hard it sometimes seems. Pieces that explore the historical, political, ecological and spiritual frameworks which help individuals to persist— with concrete examples of how people have faced despair and overcome it are included.  

Loeb, Paul. Soul of A Citizen: Living With Conviction In A Cynical Time. (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999). Now in its 11th printing, with more 90,000 copies in print, Soul of A Citizen explores what leads some people to get involved in larger community issues while others feel overwhelmed or uncertain; what it takes to maintain commitment for the long haul; and how community involvement and citizen activism can give back a sense of connection and purpose rare in purely personal life.                 

Nye, Naomi Shihab. 19 Varieties of Gazelle: Poems of the Middle East. (Greenwillow, 2002). As she grieved over the "huge shadow [that] had been cast across the lives of so many innocent people and an ancient culture's pride" after September 11, 2001, poet and author Naomi Shihab Nye's natural response was to write, to grasp "onto details to stay afloat." Accordingly, Nye has gathered over four dozen of her own poems about the Middle East and about being an Arab American living in the United States. Devoted followers of the award-winning and beloved poet will recognize some of their favorites from her earlier collections (The Space Between Our Footsteps: Poems and Paintings from the Middle East, etc.), while absorbing themselves in her new haunting and evocative poems. Nye writes of figs and olives, fathers' blessings and grandmothers' hands that "recognize grapes, / and the damp shine of a goat's new skin." She writes of Palestinians, living and dead, of war, and of peace. Readers of all ages will be profoundly moved by the vitality and hope in these beautiful lines from Nye's heart.

Nye, Naomi Shihab. The Flag of Childhood: Poems From the Middle East. (Aladdin: 2002). In this stirring anthology of 60 poems from the Middle East, honored anthologist Naomi Shihab Nye welcomes us to this lush, vivid world and beckons us to explore. Eloquent pieces from Palestine, Israel, Egypt, Iraq, and elsewhere open windows into the hearts and souls of people we usually glimpse only on the nightly news. What we see when we look through these windows is the love of family, friends, and for the Earth, the daily occurrences of life that touch us forever, the longing for a sense of place. What we learn is that beneath the veil of stereotypes, our human connections are stronger than our cultural differences.  

Nye, Naomi Shihab. The Words Under the Words: Selected Poems. (Eighth Mountain Press, 1995). A political, spiritual Palestinian-American poet from Texas, Naomi Nye illuminates some of the subtler aspects of human experience in this volume of poems drawn from three previous collections. She ponders everything from the donor of a now-broken music box to a little girl clenching her fist against death, using absolute clarity of imagery and a gentle, authoritative voice to make her visions accessible. She also poses such unanswerable questions as "What makes a man with a gun seem bigger/ than a man with almonds?"  

Nye, Naomi Shihab. Never in a Hurry: Essays on People and Places. (University of South Carolina Press, 1996). Nye is a Palestinian American poet whose world anthologies, such as This Same Sky (1992), have brought a host of new voices to American readers. Her picture book Sitti's Secrets (1994), about an American child's visit to her grandmother on the West Bank, is clearly autobiographical, and several of the lyrical essays and memoirs in this stirring collection draw on her experience across borders. The power of her writing is in the personal particulars, loving and rueful, whether she's talking about cleaning house in San Antonio, where she lives with her husband and son, or about the fun of gossip, or about the anguish in her six long years of infertility. It's the absence of rhetoric that makes unforgettable the scene where she returns with her father (the refugee) to his childhood home in Jerusalem and finds a friendly, innocent New Yorker (the settler) moving in. They like each other. (Hazel Rochman)     

Shay, Jonathan. Achilles In Vietnam: Combat Trauma And The Undoing Of Character. (Scribner, 1995). Shay works from an intriguing premise: that the study of the great Homeric epic of war, The Iliad, can illuminate our understanding of Vietnam, and vice versa. Along the way, he compares the battlefield experiences of men like Agamemnon and Patroclus with those of frontline grunts, analyzes the berserker rage that overcame Achilles and so many American soldiers alike, and considers the ways in which societies ancient and modern have accounted for and dealt with post-traumatic stress disorder---a malady only recently recognized in the medical literature, but well attested in Homer's pages. The novelist Tim O'Brien, who has written so affectingly about his experiences in combat, calls Shay's book "one of the most original and most important scholarly works to have emerged from the Vietnam War."     

Stallworthy, Jon. Anthem for Doomed Youth. (Constable and Robinson, 2002). In Anthem for Doomed Youth, Jon Stallworthy, a leading poet and former professor of English Literature, tells the story of the lives and work of twelve soldier poets of the First World War and provides selections of the best of their works. The poets included are: Rupert Brooke, Julian Grenfell, Charles Hamilton Sorley Francis Ledwidge, Siegfried Sassoon, Robert Graves, Wilfred Owen, Edmund Blunden, Edward Thomas, Ivor Gurney, Isaac Rosenberg, and David Jones.

Anthem for Doomed Youth was commissioned in association with the Imperial War Museum, as a companion publication to their exhibition of the same name.  

Stallworthy, Jon. Great Poets of World War I: Poetry from the Great War (Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2002).
In times of war and national calamity—writes Jon Stallworthy in his illuminating survey of the lives and work of 12 celebrated war poets—large numbers of people seldom seen in church or bookshop will turn for consolation and inspiration to religion and poetry. Never more so than in the First World War did the poignant poetry of hundreds of young men scarred by battle reach so large and eager an audience. Among the most famous and memorable of these youthful voices were those of the strikingly handsome, golden-haired, nobly patriotic Rupert Brooke, dead at 28; the serious-minded, poignantly truthful Wilfred Owen, who was shot down at age 25; and the defiant Siegfried Sassoon whose gallantry in the Somme Offensive earned him the Military Cross and nickname “Mad Jack.” Profiled in this volume, too, and illustrated throughout with photographs of the action they saw and manuscripts of the poems they wrote, are Edmund Blunden, whose work is haunted by the war until his death in 1974 and Isaac Rosenberg, the painter who captured the absurdity and horror of war in words,; plus Julian Grenfell, Edward Thomas, Charles Hamilton Sorley, Francis Ledwidge, Ivor Gurney, David Jones, and Robert Graves. With access to the archives of the Imperial War Museum and its extensive collection of rare color and black-and-white photographs, this volume beautifully combines art, poetry, biography to explore the tragic, noble, bleak, and confounding experience that was the Great War.  

Stallworthy, Jon. The Oxford Book of War Poetry (Oxford University Press, 1984).
"Reminds one of the large numbers and great variety of war poems from many centuries that are very good poems. Mr. Stallworthy's selections include most of the best, at least the best in English"--New York Times Book Review. "Excellently edited...this volume frames great evil and greater bravery"--Los Angeles Times Book Review. "This collection is of exceptionally high quality"--Washington Post Book World. This chronological compilation of 250 powerful poems ranges Troy to the World Wars to El Salvador, from Homer to Whitman to Wilfred Owen.  

Stallworthy, Jon. The Poems of Wilfred Owen (W. W. Norton & Company, 1986).
This is the finest single-volume of the work of the greatest poet of the First World War. Of all of the work bequeathed to us by that generation of young men who fought in the trenches, Owen’s is the most remarkable for its breath of sympathy and its understanding of human suffering and tenderness, at home and on the battlefield.

This new, authoritative edition, indispensable to student and general reader alike, contains the text of 103 poems and 12 fragments, among them 33 poems not previously published or otherwise available in a paperback edition. Many of the most famous have important new readings; illuminating notes and a detailed bibliographical table are also included.

Stallworthy, Jon. Wilfred Owen (Oxford University Press; reprint edition, 1993).
Reissued to mark the centenary of Wilfred Owen's birth, this biography is more than a simple account of his life--the childhood spent in the back streets of Birkenhead and Shrewsbury, the appalling months in the trenches--it is an enquiry into the workings of a poet's mind. Reproducing some of Owen's drawings and facsimile manuscripts of many of his greatest poems, this portrait is indispensable to any student of Wilfred Owen and the poetry of the First World War.