The Idea of Collective Responsibility
The notion of having an entire group of people take on the responsibility for one person’s act, or that of a few people, is an effective method of punishment and a way to change a group’s collective behavior. Discuss how this method has been used throughout history. Consider how it may be used in today’s society nationally as well as internationally.
SS Officers in Front of the rubble of Lidice
Further Research and Presentation
The atrocities that happened in Babi Yar and Lidice were not isolated. The history of World War II has recorded many such events. Review the list below and decide which of these topics to research further. Consider how you would document your findings. While the act of revenge was not limited to the various factions of the German army, the list below only lists German criminal actions.
- Abbaye d'Ardenne, June 7-8, 1944
- Gardelegen massacre, April 13, 1945
- Kalavryta massacre, December 13, 1943
- Kefalonia massacre, September 1943
- Khatyn massacre, March 22, 1943
- Le Paradis massacre, May 26, 1940
- Malmedy massacre, December 17, 1944
- Marzabotto massacre, September 29-October 4, 1944
- Oradour-sur-Glane, June 10, 1944
- Sant’ Anna di Stazzema, August 12, 1944
- Wormhoudt massacre, May 28, 1940
A Village No More
Viktor Fischl, in his poem “Lidice,” speaks to a village no more. Imagine what it would be like to return to a village that was completely eliminated from existence. All houses, the church and store, destroyed. All records of its existence totally destroyed. The earth plowed over and made green with grass and wheat. Write a poem or essay responding to this bleak event. Compare it to happenings in other places in the world today.